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Current Record: Colchicum autumnale L.

Colchicum autumnale L.

Lukovičasta biljka visine do 40 cm, sa krtolastom lukovicom koja je pokrivena tamnom tunikom. Kao što joj i ime kaže cveta u jesen, i to do prvih mrazeva (od avgusta do oktobra). Broj prašnika je 6 na 3 stubića. Cveta bez listova, koje donosi u proleće kada sazreva i plod, trodelna čaura sa semenjem, 3-5 cm duga. Listovi su mu uzdužno lancetasti, mesnati i sjajni, tamnozeleni, 25-30 cm dugi i 2-5 cm široki.
Mrazovac je rasprostranjen na širokom arealu i nije toliko redak kao ostale vrste roda, na primer veoma sličan peščarski (C. neapolitanum) ili šafranjika (C. bulbocodium) koja, za razliku, cveta u proleće. Od navedenih vrsta traži svežije uslove staništa i više se penje u gorske oblasti, i do 2100 m. Optimum uslova nalazi na pašnjacima nastalim krčenjem šuma i na vlažnim, močvarnim livadama (Molinio-Arrhenatheretea i Carici-Alopecuretum). Lekovita je i veoma otrovna biljka. Zaštićena je zakonom.

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Taxon Plantae
Family Liliaceae
Species Colchicum autumnale L.
Created 2011-01-13
Modified 2014-04-04
Development of this site was supported by
Netherlands Embassy in Belgrade during 2011. and 2012.
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